13th, 14th, 15th, 24th Amendments the Civil Rights Act (1964)

Civil rights Act

The 13th Amendment ended slavery, the 14th Amendment was created to protect the rights of former slaves, the 15th Amendment banned racial restrictions on voting, and the 24th Amendment prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll taxes or other types of tax.

All of those Amendments were written and passed to try to make African Americans equal to whites.

Even though slavery was abolished in 1864 it still happens to this day which is sad and needs to be stopped!

“Whenever I hear any one arguing for slavery I feel a strong impulse to see it tried on him personally.” The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln edited by Roy P. Basler, Volume VIII, “Speech to One Hundred Fortieth Indiana Regiment” (March 17, 1865), p. 361.

“This is a world of compensations; and he who would be no slave, must consent to have no slave.” The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln edited by Roy P. Basler, Volume III, “Letter To Henry L. Pierce and Others” (April 6, 1859), p. 376.

I agree strongly with both of these quotes! People feel that it is ok to own a slave, but they couldnt imagine ever being one!  Abraham Lincoln is basically saying people are hypocrites, and it’s true…

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Passage of the Act ended the application of “Jim Crow” laws, which had been upheld by the Supreme Court in the 1896 case Plessy v. Ferguson.

Work Cited:

Moss, Will. “13th, 14th and 15th Amendments.” BlackHistory.com. Connectplatform, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.

“Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Feb. 2013. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.

Norton, Roger. “Abraham Lincoln Quotes About Slavery (Including Sources).” Abraham Lincoln Quotes About Slavery (Including Sources). Abraham Lincoln Research Site, 2013. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.



California Proposition 209

California Proposition 209

The Califiornia Proposition 209 prohibits state government institutions from considering race, sex, and ethnicity, specifically in areas of public employment, or public education.

Since the passage of Proposition 209, higher graduation rates have been posted at University of California schools,which led opponents of affrimative action to suggest a causal link between Proposition 209 and a better-prepared student body. The African American graduation rate at the University of California, Berkley increased by 6.5 percent and rose even more dramatically, from 26 percent to 52 percent, at the University of California, San Diego.

I am amazed at the results of African American students graduating colleges considering they graduated not too long after the proposition was passed, but even though the proposition has eliminated some racisim it hasn’t eliminated it all.

Work Cited:
“California Proposition 209 (1996).” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Feb. 2013. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.

Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v. Board of Education

Brown v. Board of EducationPlessy v. Ferguson

In 1890 laws were passed that required that trains would provide “equal but separate accommodations.”- pg693 of The Americans. The Plessy vs. Ferguson case ruled that the did not violate the 14th Amendment. Since it wasn’t considered a violation they created Jim Crow laws; they were laws that separated the blacks from the whites.

I think the laws were very inhumane. The African Americans were treated like unwanted animals. They were forced to go to separate schools, sit at the back of the bus, and they had to show respect to whites even though they ddint get respect from them.

“The facilities provided for blacks were always far inferior to those provided for whites.”-pg697 of The Americans.

The Brown v. Board of Education case was one of the most incredible and shocking victories for African Americans. Brown fought for desegregation because his daughter had been denied admission to an all white school. The Court decided that it was considered unsconstitutional and black children could now go to any school they pleased.

“To separate [African American children] from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their satuts in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone… We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of “separate but equal” has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” – Chief Justice Earl Warren, Brown v. Board of Education.

I feel that changing the law to desegregate schools was fantastic, but what frustrates me is that they only desegregated the schools at this time, and nothing else.


Work Cited:
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans: Reconstruction through the 20th Century. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 1999. Print.

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